'LaBaie', ( The Hudson's Bay Co. ) Montreal, Qc - Historic Places Days

‘LaBaie’, ( The Hudson’s Bay Co. ) Montreal, Qc

Montréal, Québec
Type
Cultural Heritage Centre
Address
535 Saint-Catherine Street West, Montreal, QC, Canada
Get directions
Hours
Monday-Thursday 10:00-8:00pm Thursday/Friday 10:00-9:00pm Saturday 9:00-7:00pm Sunday 10:00-6:00pm
Phone
(514)281-4422

Hudson’s Bay

Introduction
• The ‘Hudson’s Bay’, located at 585 St. Catherine W., is of great historic significance to Canadian history, dating back in time where fur-trading and the Couriers de Bois were involved in trade with the aboriginal peoples and Inuits.
• The importance of the discovery of the North West Passage by Henry Hudson’s in the 16th century permitted trading for the British as the French exercised a monopoly in the St.Laurent region. The discovery of the North West Passage has long been disputed, with voyages of Christopher Columbus and John Cabot being documented between 1492-1497.
• The Hudsons’s Bay Company was formed in England in 1610. In 1780, woollen blankets were delivered to the aboriginals in varied forts around Hudson’s Bay.
• The first store to open in Montreal was located in the Old Port in 1845, by Scottish immigrant Henry Morgan, then known as ‘Henry Morgan and Co.’ In 1891 the store moved to its present location on St Catherine St., after the transition of the commercial sector to St Catherine St due to the electrification of the rail and tramway system.
• The original store ‘Morgan’s’ was named after the Scottish Retail Entrepreneur, Henry Morgan’s. In 1874, he revolutionised the retail realm by introducing after the war ‘catalogue’ sales. The store in 1881, was located in front of Philipps Square and was named ‘Colonial House’.
• In 1960, the retailer ‘Hudson’s Bay Company’ founded in 1670, purchased the entirety of the Morgan’s stores across Canada, Toronto, Ottawa, Hamilton and Montreal.
• In 1972, the downtown Montreal store was renamed ‘LaBaie’, in English translated as ‘The Bay’.

Architecture
• The first store built between1890-1891 in front of Philipps Square, was designed by the American Architect John Peace Hill. The original four story building was designed in Neo-Romanesque style in red sandstone imported from Scotland. An additional floor was added in 1902, the store facing Aylmer.
• In 1923, a replica addition of eight stories was added to the original building, facing Union St. In 1964, an addition to The Bay, on De Maisonneuve Blvd., by Architects Bolton, Ellewood & Aimers. The basement level of The Bay was connected to the Metro or subway in 1966.

Patrimonial Value
• The building is located in the area ‘Philipps Square’, designated historic by the City of Montreal.
• The building is an exceptional example of ‘Romanesque’, built in red sandstone imported from Scotland.
• The addition to the original building in 1923, is reflective of a high caliber of architectural expertise, the ‘addition’ barely detected. The repetition of the architectural elements; the pillars and arched windows are repeated with unsurpassed finesse.
• ‘The Bay’s’ history and heritage is highly reflective of the Canadian identity. The stores appeal and heritage relates to all, including the British, French Acadians, French and Inuit and Aboriginal groups dispersed throughout 300 trading posts.

Related Heritage

• The Fur Trade at Lachine – ‘The Lachine Stone Warehouse’
1251-55, boul. Saint Joseph, Lachine, Qc
• ‘National Historic Site of Canada’ – 1970/06/08
Built: 1803/01/01
Parks Canada – FHBRO Report Reference 92-026
DFRP Number: 56457 00
Fur Trade Commerce of Lachine; designated 1984 related to the memory of the ‘fur
commerce’ in Montreal.

• The 18th Century Warehouse was built in 1803 By Alexandre Gordon of the North
West Company. It was purchased in 1833 by the Hudson’s Bay Company.
The Sisters of St Ann purchased the building (1861-1977).
• Parks Canada restored the building after a fire (1978-1984).
• Designated Historic: December 12, 1996.
• The building is located in located on the St. Laurence, in an area where the first
Lachine Canal was found, currently called ‘The Promenade of Père Marquette’
overlooking Lake St. Louis et the St. Laurence River.


This listing was created by Joanna A on July 28, 2021.  Please confirm details at the site’s own website before planning your visit. Are you the owner/operator of this historic place? Would you like to make changes to this listing? Please contact us at historicplacesday@nationaltrustcanada.ca

Amenities

  • Family-Friendly
  • Food and Beverages
  • Parking
  • Parkland
  • Washrooms
  • Wheelchair Access

Location

535 Saint-Catherine Street West, Montreal, QC, Canada
Get directions

Nearby Places

Christ Church Cathedral

Montréal, Québec
Christ Church Cathedral is a neogothic church built in 1857.
View Place | Get Directions

Black Rock

Montreal, Quebec
The Black Rock – remembering the 6000+ Irish Immigrants that died 1847
View Place | Get Directions

McCord Museum of Canadian History

Montréal, Québec
A valued collection of Canadian history from the 18th century to present day.
View Place | Get Directions

Champlain and St. Lawrence Railroad (C&SL) ( C.N. Rail, Canada )

Montréal, Québec
The First Canadian Public Railway in historic railway in Lower Canada.
View Place | Get Directions

Popular VisitLists Including "‘LaBaie’, ( The Hudson’s Bay Co. ) Montreal, Qc"

‘Downtown Montreal – A Tribute to History’

Montréal, Québec 6 places
A tribute to history, downtown Montreal offers exiting venues for all ages!
View VisitList

Register A Place

Create an account to add your historic place.

Make a VisitList

Welcome! To get started on a VisitList, you’ll need to have an account with #HistoricPlacesDays.


Already have an account? to sign in.
We use your contact information to process your registration and correspond with you about the National Trust and its programs. You can unsubscribe at any time. We care about your privacy. Read our privacy statement.

Sign In

Sites that participate in #HistoricPlacesDays need to have an account.

Welcome! To get started on a new VisitList or to edit an existing one, you’ll need to have an account with #HistoricPlacesDays. Sign in below!


Not registered? Click here to create an account.

Forgot Password

Enter your email address to request a password reset.


to sign in.

Get the latest scoop on everything #HistoricPlacesDays – join our e-newsletter and never miss a beat.