Fort McPherson National Historic Site of Canada - Historic Places Days

Fort McPherson National Historic Site of Canada

Fort McPherson, Northwest Territories
Fort McPherson, NT, Canada
Get directions


According to oral tradition, the Gwich’in (“people of the head waters”) population has been present on the Mackenzie Delta for over 20,000 years, where they survived by hunting, fishing and trapping. In 1840, the Hudson’s Bay Company established Fort McPherson, the first trading post north of the Arctic Circle, six kilometres upriver from traditional Teetl’it Gwich’in lands, and Chii tsal dik Hill, to trade meat and furs with the Gwich’in and Inuit. Fort McPherson was moved to its current location in 1848 and was the principal trading post in the Mackenzie Delta region for over 50 years. The settlement that grew around the fort became a centre of Roman Catholic and Anglican missionary activity after 1860, and the site of the Western Arctic’s first North West Mounted Police post in 1903. By the 1930s much of the fort’s former importance had passed to newer settlements such as Aklavik. Fort McPherson is now the largest Gwich’in settlement in the Northwest Territories.


Fort McPherson, NT, Canada
Get directions

Nearby Places

Yukon Sawmill Company Office

Dawson City, Yukon
The Yukon Sawmill Company Office is a Yukon Historic Site designated in 2005.
View Place | Get Directions

Dawson Historical Complex

Dawson City, Yukon
Site commemorated for its association with the Klondike Gold Rush from 1896 to 1910.
View Place | Get Directions

Old Territorial Administration Building National Historic Site

Dawson, Yukon Territory
The heritage value of the Old Territorial Administration Building lies in its associations…
View Place | Get Directions

S.S. Keno

Dawson City, Yukon
Riverboat that played a major part in the history of the Klondike Gold Rush.
View Place | Get Directions

Register A Place

Create an account to add your historic place.

Make a VisitList

Welcome! To get started on a VisitList, you’ll need to have an account with #HistoricPlacesDays.

Already have an account? to sign in.
We use your contact information to process your registration and correspond with you about the National Trust and its programs. You can unsubscribe at any time. We care about your privacy. Read our privacy statement.

Sign In

Sites that participate in #HistoricPlacesDays need to have an account.

Welcome! To get started on a new VisitList or to edit an existing one, you’ll need to have an account with #HistoricPlacesDays. Sign in below!

Not registered? Click here to create an account.

Forgot Password

Enter your email address to request a password reset.

to sign in.

Get the latest scoop on everything #HistoricPlacesDays – join our e-newsletter and never miss a beat.