Fort McPherson National Historic Site of Canada - Historic Places Days

Fort McPherson National Historic Site of Canada

Fort McPherson, Northwest Territories
Type
Park/Landscape
Address
Fort McPherson, NT, Canada
Get directions

According to oral tradition, the Gwich’in (“people of the head waters”) population has been present on the Mackenzie Delta for over 20,000 years, where they survived by hunting, fishing and trapping. In 1840, the Hudson’s Bay Company established Fort McPherson, the first trading post north of the Arctic Circle, six kilometres upriver from traditional Teetl’it Gwich’in lands, and Chii tsal dik Hill, to trade meat and furs with the Gwich’in and Inuit. Fort McPherson was moved to its current location in 1848 and was the principal trading post in the Mackenzie Delta region for over 50 years. The settlement that grew around the fort became a centre of Roman Catholic and Anglican missionary activity after 1860, and the site of the Western Arctic’s first North West Mounted Police post in 1903. By the 1930s much of the fort’s former importance had passed to newer settlements such as Aklavik. Fort McPherson is now the largest Gwich’in settlement in the Northwest Territories.

Location

Fort McPherson, NT, Canada
Get directions

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