Canmore NWMP Barracks - Historic Places Days

Canmore NWMP Barracks

Canmore, Alberta
Type
Military
Address
609 8th Street, Canmore, AB, Canada
Get directions
Hours
Thursday to Monday, 10:00 am to 4:00 pm
Phone
403-678-1955

Built in 1893, the Canmore NWMP Barracks brings to life one of Canada’s oldest and most iconic stories – the story of the North-West Mounted Police.

Canmore was a mining town and mining was a difficult and dirty job.  With it came a “work hard, play hard” mentality and liquor and other vices were prominent as a result. The Canmore NWMP outpost was established to keep these in check for the benefit of both the mine companies and the local community.  It was in operation until 1929, when it was decommissioned; the property reverted back to the Department of the Interior and later became a private residence until the late 1980s. It was acquired by the Town of Canmore in 1989 and declared an Alberta Provincial Historic Resource in 1990.

EXHIBITS

Visitors can explore each of the Barracks five rooms to discover the early story of Canada’s Mounted Police in the iconic Rocky Mountains.

The Barracks’ gardens feature heritage varieties of vegetables and flowers typically grown in Canmore between 1893 and the 1920s.

PROGRAMMING

Interpretive guides stationed at the Barracks bring to life the true stories of policing the Bow Valley, dispelling the often romanatisized image of the Mounties in the Rockies.  The Canmore NWMP Barracks also hosts a daily intepretive program, Indigenous Stories, set against the backdrop of a Stoney Nakoda tipi where visitors can learn more about the culture, traditions and language of the Iyarhe Nakoda (Stoney Nakoda, also known as the Assiniboine people.

HERITAGE VALUE

The heritage value of the Canmore North West Mounted Police (N.W.M.P.) Barracks lies in the important role it played in maintaining law and order during the development of Canmore region as a coal mining community. It is one of the oldest surviving North West Mounted Police buildings in Alberta, one of only three remaining from before the creation of Alberta in 1905.

In 1888, the president of the Canadian Anthracite Coal Company petitioned the Comptroller of the N.W.M.P. in Ottawa for more police to control the importation of liquor from the United States, which was causing problems with the miners and railway workers. One constable was stationed in the town in rented quarters, but by 1892 it became obvious that more permanent quarters were needed and the existing Canmore North West Mounted Police Barracks were constructed in 1893. Occupied by a one- or two-man detachment between 1893 and 1929, their duties included patrols, checking the trains for illegal liquor and maintaining law and order during the strikes that occurred in Canmore, particularly in 1911.

The building is an excellent and early example of a functional log building in the cabin style, and has been both dismantled and reconstructed (1908-9) and expanded (1920-23). Originally the site included a stable, corral and barn. Although much of the historic landscaping around the barracks has changed, several of the evergreen trees date from the period of construction. The whitewashed stones placed around the building are a sympathetic reconstruction of a historic feature of the barracks. The North West Mounted Police Barracks remains a landmark on the main street.

Amenities

  • Family-Friendly
  • Food and Beverages
  • Guided Tour
  • Parking
  • Parkland
  • Washrooms
  • Wheelchair Access

Fun Facts

The Canmore North-West Mounted Police (NWMP) Barracks is the only NWMP outpost still standing on its original location in western Canada.

The longest standing officer stationed at the Canmore NWMP Barracks was Corporal H.C. Clarke, who lived at the outpost with his wife and five children.

Location

609 8th Street, Canmore, AB, Canada
Get directions

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